Security matters within BCGA are covered by committee TSC10.  For BCGA members, if you are interested in the work of TSC10 please make contact through the BCGA Office.     

Gases are classified as dangerous goods within transport legislation or hazardous substances and mixtures within the GB CLP Regulation.  Gases have properties which make them attractive to thieves and terrorists, as well as hazardous properties which mean that they should not be accessible to those who are not competent to handle them.

The gases industry bears a great responsibility to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that the products they manufacture, transport and supply, do not fall into the wrong hands. Gaseous products shall only be offered to people, companies or organisations that have been appropriately identified.  BCGA TIS 53, Illicit operators and stolen gas cylinders, highlights the significant risks involved.

Security can be defined as taking measures or precautions to manage access to gases for those authorised, whilst minimising the opportunity for theft or misuse that may endanger persons, property or the environment.

The level of security, required for a specific facility, shall be determined through a security vulnerability risk assessment (SVRA).  BCGA provide advice on security, including on the topic of conducting a SVRA, within BCGA CP 40, Security requirements for the industrial, medical and food gases industry.

BCGA TIS 47, Manned security guarding, provides guidance on the employment and use of security guards.

The UK National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO) provides security advice and encourages businesses and individuals to report suspicious activities and transactions involving dangerous goods.  They provide a range of security guidance.  NaCTSO publish the action counters terrorism (ACT) awareness eLearning training package, which is designed for all UK based companies and organisations and is available to the public.  All personnel should be encouraged to undertake the course.

Security should be an integral part of a company’s business continuity management process.  Business continuity planning helps manage any risks likely to effect the smooth running of an organisation or delivery of a service, ensuring continuity of critical functions in the event of a disruption, and effective recovery afterwards.  The Cabinet Office provide additional advice.

BCGA are members of the Cross-sector Safety and Security Communications group (CSSC) – which is a partnership between law enforcement agencies, local and national government organisations and private sector businesses and acts as an interface to provide UK national communications between the public and private sectors.  BCGA receives safety and security alerts from the CSSC which are disseminated to members.

The Department for Transport (DfT), as the UK Competent Authority for transportable pressure equipment, host and manage the Industry Advisory Group meeting for the Secure Carriage of Dangerous Goods.  BCGA routinely attend this meeting on behalf of their members.

Transport security

All persons engaged in the carriage of dangerous goods must implement the security provisions laid down within transport legislation.

For road transport The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations implement the Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR).  Road security requirements are detailed in ADR, Chapter 1.10.  A subset of dangerous goods are classified as High Consequence Dangerous Goods (HCDG). If misused, these have the potential to produce serious consequences such as mass casualties or mass destruction. Some gases are classified as HCDG.  If you are responsible for HCDG then you must adopt, implement and comply with a security plan.  All persons involved in the carriage of dangerous goods must take all reasonable steps to prevent unauthorised access to those dangerous goods.

Security awareness training is mandatory for everybody associated with dangerous goods and is to be appropriate to the person’s responsibilities and duties as well as to the loads to be carried. Initial training and regular refresher training is necessary.  Security training has to be recorded and records kept.

DfT provide guidance documents for managing security and a training film on the security of high consequence dangerous goods, titled ‘Lockdown’.  Available on request from DfT [].

Each driver shall carry a means of photographic identification.

Each driver should carry a Dangerous Load Card.

NOTE:  Drivers of dangerous goods vehicles are required to undergo appropriate driver training for each class of dangerous goods they transport.  Provided they pass the examination they will be issued with an ADR Driver Training Certificate.  This is issued as a photo card and is an acceptable form of photographic identification.

Storage areas

Storage areas, including temporary storage areas, shall be designed and constructed to provide appropriate security, including additional security enhancements, for example, lighting, alarms, etc., with access restricted to authorised personnel.

Advice on the design and location of gas cylinder stores is available within BCGA CP 44, The storage of gas cylinders.

DfT operate a Dangerous Goods Security Compliance Team.  Their role is to undertake security audits on sites where HCDG are stored.  They will carry out checks, both physical and on documentation, to ensure your security plans are in place, are being applied and are affective.

The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (also known as drones or uncrewed aerial systems) is increasing for both leisure and commercial purposes.  Unmanned aerial vehicles should not be used at, or on any sites, unless prior approval has been given by the site owner or operator for a legitimate purpose and only after an appropriate risk assessment has been completed.


Medical gases security

Medical gases can be particularly attractive to thieves, for their potential use as ‘recreational drugs’ as well as the financial value to be gained from the sale of the contents and the value of the scrap metal. All facilities where medical gases are stored or in use must have appropriate security in place, BCGA TIS 50, Security of facilities where medical gas may be present, provides advice. The National Health Service (NHS) produce a guidance document, Guidance on the security and storage of medical gas cylinders.

Personnel security

Personnel security measures help organisations manage the risk of staff or contractors exploiting their legitimate access to their premises, information and staff for unauthorised purposes.

Personnel security is not just an issue to be resolved during the recruitment process, it is a discipline that needs to be maintained throughout a member of staff’s time in employment: through appraisal procedures, communication programmes, incentive schemes and even management attitudes and relationships. This does not only apply to permanent members of staff, but also all those legitimately employed on site, for example, contractors, agency and temporary workers, etc. It should include a formal process for managing staff leaving the business.  Companies are advised to carry out suitable assessments and checks on all the people they employ.

The National Protective Security Authority (NPSA) has useful guidance on its website.

Cyber security

A cyber risk is a situation or event occurring in cyber space that threatens or causes serious damage, cost, intellectual property theft, disruption or loss of reputation with an impact felt in either cyber space or the real world e.g. hacking into websites or control systems.  Individual companies should ensure their IT systems are suitably protected. The Government provide guidance to help businesses and organisations improve online security and protect against cyber threats.

Gas cylinders at crime scenes

Gas cylinders may be misused for various activities by criminals.  When cylinders are found at a crime scene it is in everyone’s interest to ensure that they are managed and handled safely by the emergency services with, as required, appropriate advice being provided by the gas suppliers.  BCGA TIS 40, Gas cylinders at crime scenes, provides useful advice.



CP40 Security requirements for the industrial, medical and food gases industry. Revision 2: 2020

01/09/2020 Codes of Practice CP40

This document addresses the issues surrounding the security of industrial, medical and food gases (including in liquefied form) and associated items held in bulk, as cylinder stock or in transport. It provides advice on implementing security as well as reacting to security incidents.

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TIS40 Gas cylinders at crime scenes. Revision 1: 2022

06/01/2022 Technical Information Sheets TIS40

Addresses the safety concerns for personnel at a crime scene where gas cylinders are present, and which may have also been used during the crime. It provides advice on staying safe when approaching and handling gas cylinders, as well as points of contact with industry experts. It will be of particular interest to Police and other law enforcement agencies.

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TIS47 Manned security guarding. 2019

12/12/2019 Technical Information Sheets TIS47

Many members employ the services of security guards to protect their sites, assets and people. This publication provides guidance on the selection and operational use of security guards and security services as well the responsibilities of those involved in the management of security guards.

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TIS48 Gas equipment. Security cages. 2021

21/05/2021 Technical Information Sheets TIS48

Gas cylinders and associated equipment require safe and secure storage. Provides guidance to enhance security where cages are used to store gas equipment.

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TIS50 Security of facilities where medical gases may be present. 2023

22/08/2023 Technical Information Sheets TIS50

Provides advice on the management of security at facilities where a medical gas may be present. It is intended for those in management control of such facilities.

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TIS53 Illicit operators and stolen gas cylinders. 2024

22/01/2024 Technical Information Sheets TIS53

The theft of gas cylinders takes them outside of the control of the legitimate, legally regulated and quality-assured asset owner and operator. This document highlights the significant risks.

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Useful Links

  • Department for Transport (DfT)
  • National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO)
  • The National Protective Security Authority (NPSA)